The Distribution of AGN in Clusters of Galaxies

Martini, P., Mulchaey, J.S., and Kelson, D.D. 2007, ApJ, 666, in press

We present a study of the distribution of AGN in clusters of galaxies with a uniformly-selected, spectroscopically-complete sample of 35 AGN in eight clusters of galaxies at z = 0.06 to 0.31. We find that the 12 AGN with LX > 1042 erg/s in cluster members more luminous than a rest-frame MR < -20 mag are more centrally concentrated than typical cluster galaxies of this luminosity, although these AGN have comparable velocity and substructure distributions to other cluster members. In contrast, a larger sample of 30 cluster AGN with LX > 1041 erg/s do not show evidence for greater central concentration than inactive cluster members, nor evidence for a different kinematic or substructure distribution. As we do see clear differences in the spatial and kinematic distributions of the blue Butcher-Oemler and red cluster galaxy populations, any difference in the AGN and inactive galaxy population must be less distinct than that between these two pairs of populations. Comparison of the AGN fraction selected via X-ray emission in this study to similarly-selected AGN in the field indicates that the AGN fraction is not significantly lower in clusters, contrary to AGN identified via visible-wavelength emission lines, but similar to the approximately constant radio-selected AGN fraction in clusters and the field. We also find significant evidence for variation in the AGN fraction between clusters and explore the dependence of cluster AGN fraction on redshift, velocity dispersion, amount of cluster substructure, and fraction of Butcher-Oemler galaxies. While we see weak evidence for several trends, there are several correlations between these four parameters in our small sample of eight clusters that preclude identification of which one(s) most strongly influence the cluster AGN fraction.

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